Varanasi

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Varanasi is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world and the oldest inhabited city in India. Is a famous city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is also called 'Banaras' and 'Kashi'. Considered to be one of the most sacred cities in Hinduism and is known as the Non-Free Zone.
The city is the oldest and continuously growing city in the world. This city is called the city of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is the main deity of Hindus who is considered a symbol of creation and destruction. Varanasi is one of the holiest cities in Hinduism. There is a great belief in Hinduism about this city that if a person comes here and dies or has his last rites in Kashi, then he attains Moksha i.e. that person gets rid of the cycle of birth and death. Therefore, this place is also known as Mukti Sthal.
People have unwavering belief about Varanasi that if one dips in the holy river Ganges flowing here, all sins are washed away. For many tourists, a dip in the Ganges at sunrise and sunset is a unique and memorable experience. Aarti (prayer) is organized every evening at the main ghats of Varanasi.
Varanasi

The most attractive aspect of this mysterious city is that all the creations and rituals are completed at the main ghats here, in which every work is well organized and concluded, people take a dip in the Ganges, aarti, the cremation of dead bodies They are also given a bath. Apart from these activities, you can also see people playing sports like yoga, massage, shaving and cricket on the banks of the river here.
The culture of Varanasi is inextricably linked with the river Ganges and its religious significance. This city has been the cultural and religious center of India, especially North India, for thousands of years. The Banaras Gharana of Hindustani classical music was born and developed in Varanasi itself. Many philosophers, poets, writers, musicians of India have lived in Varanasi.
Four major universities are located in Varanasi: Banaras Hindu University, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies and Sampurnanand Sanskrit University. The residents here mainly speak Kashika Bhojpuri, which is a dialect of Hindi. Varanasi is often addressed with adjectives such as 'city of temples', 'religious capital of India', 'city of Lord Shiva', 'city of lamps', 'city of knowledge' etc.
History:-
The original city of Varanasi was Kashi. According to mythology, the city of Kashi was founded by Hindu Lord Shiva about 5000 years ago, due to which it is an important pilgrimage site today. It is one of the holy Saptapuris of Hindus. The city is mentioned in many Hindu texts including the ancient Rigveda, including Skanda Purana, Ramayana and Mahabharata. The city of Varanasi is generally considered to be at least 3000 years old.  The city has been a commercial and industrial center for muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, elephant teeth and crafts. Varanasi used to be the capital of Kashi state during the time of Gautama Buddha (born 54 BC). Renowned Chinese traveler Xuan Tsang has described the city as the center of religious, educational and artistic activities and has written an extension of 5 km on the banks of the Ganges River.

The first ray of light came here
It is believed that the first ray of light fell in Kashi when the Earth was created. As it is said that Lord Shiva is the supreme God of Kashi, so due to this, other planets could not do anything here by their own free will, unless Shiva ji orders.
It is believed that when Shani Dev came to Kashi in search of Lord Shiva, he could not enter his temple for about seven and a half years. Whenever you visit the Vishwanath temple of Kashi, outside the temple, you will see the temple of Shani Dev Ji.
Spiritual center
Varanasi is also associated with the ancient holistic medical science of Ayurveda and Yoga, with all the variations. The founder of these sciences, Maharishi Patanjali has a deep connection with Varanasi.
Business relationship
The city is also considered a major center of commerce and trade since ancient times, beyond its religious and cultural importance. It is mainly known for gold and silver works and Banarasi silk sarees.
Banarsi dialect: -
Mood tells Banarasi dialect
'Jiya Raza Banaras' is just such an intimacy and sweetness in these three words that then there is no longer anything to say or hear. It is a very receptive city. Every country and province grew up learning something from the dialect language, but could not forget the color of its frivolity and easygoing fun. It is a city to live every mood without compromising with them. He lives in full pleasure in the sense of caste and religion. You will understand this thing very well here. Take a look at the Banarasi literature. Bharatendu Harishchandra shows his dignity in 'Sevak Gunijan Ke, cash-in-law Abhimani Ke ...'. The same color prevails on Tulsidas when he comes to Benaras, stitches and commentary have to be written in Kavitavali - 'Dhoot Kahou, Avadhoot Kahou, Rajput Kahou, Zolha Kahou Kou'. Neither son nor marriage of Kahu's daughter, Kahu's caste is not spoiled. Khoibo of Mangi, Sowibo in Christianity, Leibeko ko na deibe ko ko…. ”From Sant Kabir to Prasad, Premchand, Dhumal and almost every pen it descends on the special pages. Dr. Jitendranath Mishra, a rote-writer in Banarsipan, states that the form or development of any dialect comes from the lap of apabhramsa. The history of dialects is not more than a thousand years. In Banaras itself, Banarasi Bhojpuri takes different puts in Kabirchaura, Gaighat, Badi Bazaar and Madanpura. Bids were also worked out during the census at the request of George Abraham Grierson, the pioneer of the Linguistic Survey of India, which revealed the nature of the other bids, including Banarasi.

Connection to soil
To pick up a pot, wear a loincloth, and move towards the arena to roll in the soil, ie wrestling. The strength of the loincloth is famous here as an idiom. There has been a lot of enthusiasm among the youth. Pahlavani was once a status symbol here. Was counted in the pride of the family. The number of the akharas suggests that Banaras is also popular for this overcrowding of the akhadas. Earlier there were akharas in every locality, but today most of the names are left, such as Pandaji's Arena, Raj Mandir Arena, Adhir Singh Akhara, Swaminath Arena etc.
Suhag symbol Banarasi saree
Red, green, blue and other dark Banarasi sarees are considered a symbol of suhaag. Like Bangle and Sindoor it has its importance. Even in the machine era, these saris are woven with hand looms. Zari work done closely with metal wires makes these sarees world-famous. In earlier times these wires used to be of gold, silver, but now alloy and synthetic wires are also in full use. Hence, Banarasi sarees now fit the budget of every category. This art came here during the Mughal period. It is said that it takes more than six months to prepare a sari.
Fun and rudeness together
Kashi has been the center of spirituality, culture and education in every era. Whether or not to enforce a vote, it was only in Kashi. This experiment became known as land. The Buddha attained enlightenment at Gaya, but the sage port, Sarnath, came to Varanasi to promote the cycle of religion. The sage used to land on this land, flying sage port. This poetic expression points towards this truth - thoughts flying in all four directions meet the land at the sage port. Adiguru Shankaracharya, Vedanta's greatest spokesman, came to Kashi from the south. Great saints Nanak and Darashikoh came to Kashi. The sage Punya Salila came to Mokshadayani Kashi to meditate in the Ganges. This is where Kabir sang his antagonistic voice. An echo of Nirguna was heard. Tulsi sings the songs of Rama here. Gaga Bhatt goes to Kashi for the coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The great thinker, freedom fighter, Karmayogi Bharat Ratna Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya also established the Kashi Hindu University here. Can say, which Kashi accepted, he became Jag. Actually, Kashi has been a laboratory of spiritual, cultural and social dialogue. Here the acceptance as well as the protest is equally present. Not only yesterday, even today the appearance of Kashi has not changed. For thousands of years, this city has been living in its fun and arrogance. Varanasi is not just a city, but a civilization. Together it is living many eras. My father studied in this city. I also got abuses and blessings from this city. Will Banaras also change? Will Banaras remain in ruins of our civilization and culture in future? As soon as thinking this, no sound comes from within, Baba, Benares is being made.
Shiva's Abode in Crystals
Kashi is not called such a religious, cultural and spiritual capital. Kashi is the only city which is established as it is. Here Shiva is believed to dwell in every particle. According to the Puranas, there are 324 main Shivalingas here. Shiva cannot do any creation without power. Hence, there are 324 goddesses here as well. This number is multiplied by 108 by three. This number is only here. Multiplying 12 times, nine directions and three worlds is 324. There are a total of 14 temples of Surya in the city. The Sun illuminates directly on Makar Sankranti (January 14) on a straight line from Yamaditya. The vertical line of Uttarkark (Bakaria Kunda) in the north and Karnaditya (Dashashwamedha) in the south determine the cosmic northward direction. On 14 August, direct rays of the sun fall on the Sun of Lolark in the south. There are 10 sun temples on the semi-circular horizon of Uttarkark from this light lolark. They were founded between the sixth and ninth centuries. Kashi is the only city with 3500 temples and 1388 Muslim holy sites. There is a tomb of 14 such Sufi saints, where Hindus and Muslims all go.

             HISTORICAL PLACES
KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE
Kashi Vishwanath temple is one of the most famous Hindu temple dedicated to LORD SHIVA. It is located in varanasi Uttar Pradesh India. Temple is popularly known as KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE.
  
*:-Kashi Vishwanath temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga as dedicated to Lord Shiva.

          *:--Vishwanath meaning'THE RULER OF THE UNIVERSE'.
       
*:-Kashi Vishwanath also referred to as the old city is located at the heart of Varanasi, between Dashawamedha Ghat and Godaulia to the south and west and Manikarnika Ghat on the river to the south.

The Temple has been referred to in Hindu scriptures for a very long time as a central part of worship in the shiva Philosophy .it has been destroyed and re-constructed a number of times in history. 
Durga Temple: -
Durga temples are one of the major temples located in Varanasi also known as the Monkey Temple. This temple was constructed in the 18th century by a Bengali queen who is painted red from ocher. It is said about this temple that the idol of Goddess Durga located in this temple was not constructed but it manifested itself. If you come to visit Varanasi, do not forget to visit this wonderful temple.

Manikarnika Ghat:-
Manikarnika Ghat located in Varanasi is considered an auspicious place for cremation. The name Manikarnika Ghat is included in the prominent places of Varanasi. This ghat is considered as the gateway to life. Visiting this ghat itself is a very beautiful and shocking experience.

The Ramnagar Fort:-
The Ramnagar Fort is a fortification in Ramnagar, Varanasi, India. It is located near the Ganga River on its eastern bank, opposite to the Tulsi Ghat. The sandstone structure was built in the Mughal style in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh. At present, the fort is not in a good shape.

sarnath:-
Sarnath is a place located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi city near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna river in Uttar Pradesh, India.
Sarnath is one amongst the four holy places associated with the life of Lord Buddha. It is the place where Buddha, after attaining enlightenment at Bodhgaya, preached his first sermon to his five preceding companions. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has been conducting excavations at Sarnath since 1907. The excavation sites have massive ancient collections of monasteries, stupas, temples, inscriptions, sculptures and other antiquities.


Tulsi Manas Temple: -
Tulsi Mansa Temple is one of the major sightseeing places of Varanasi. This temple was built in 1964 which is dedicated to Lord Rama. Explain that this temple is named after the saint poet Tulsi Das. It is said that this is the place where Tulsidas wrote the Hindu epic Ramayana in Awadhi dialect of Hindi language. The temple has a special display of puppets in the months of Sawan (July - August) which is related to the Ramayana. If you want to enjoy a fun experience, then visit here during the month of Sawan.


Banaras Hindu University: -
Banaras Hindu University is also known as BHU. The university was founded by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, a patriot, social reformer, educationist and political activist who devoted his life to the upliftment of society.

Jain Temple: -
Varanasi is a city of temples where religious sites representing each religion - Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, and Islam, remain. Five Jain Tirthankaras - saint preachers - Supershava, Parshvanatha, Shreyas, Chandaprafu and Parshwa are found in the city and its surrounding areas.
Jain temple is located at a distance of three kilometers from BHU.


Dashashwamedh Ghat:-
Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main ghat in Varanasi on the Ganga River. It is located close to Vishwanath Temple and is probably the most spectacular ghat. Two Hindu legends are associated with it: according to one, Brahma created it to welcome Shiva, and in another, Brahma sacrificed ten horses during Dasa-Ashwamedha yajna performed here.
Dashashwamedh Ghat

Assi Ghat:-

Assi Ghat is the southernmost ghat in Varanasi.To most visitors to Varanasi, it is known for being a place where long-term foreign students, researchers, and tourists live.
Assi Ghat
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple:-
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple  is a Hindu temple in Varanasi and is dedicated to the Hindu God Hanuman. The temple was established by famous Hindu preacher and poet saint Sri Goswami Tulsidas in the early 16th century and is situated on the banks of the Assi river. The deity was named "Sankat Mochan" meaning the "reliever from troubles".
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir

Chunar Fort:-
Chunar Fort is located in Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, which is located in the southwest, about 23 km from the city of Varanasi. The earliest history of the Chunar Fort dates back to the 16th century, which is revealed by the Mughal emperor Babur's outpost. The graves of some of his soldiers still exist at this place. It is said that this fort is divinely blessed. If you are traveling to Varanasi, then you can visit this fort in a very short time.


Bharat Mata Temple: -
The Bharat Mata Temple is located in the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth University campus in Varanasi. It was built in 1936 by Dr. Shivprasad Gupta. The specialty of this temple is that it does not have any picture or statue of any deity, but a three-dimensional geographical map of undivided India carved on marble. Mountains, plateaus, rivers and seas are all well depicted in this map.

Sita's kitchen:-
This is the place where lord Rama wife SITA prepared her food.
In Hindi Rasoi means Kitchen.This place sill very old and there looks are very old.

Food of Banaras: -
Apart from the Ganges Ghats of Kashi, it is also world famous for food and drink. All the food and drink items like kachori, cloves, jaleba and cannabis cold attract people.

Banaras paan
As soon as the name of Banaras comes on Juban, first the picture of 'Banarasi Paan' comes out. 'Khaike paan banaras wala, khul jaye banda akla ka taala' The lyrics of this song are enough to tell the specialty of the pan of Benaras. Foreign tourists also definitely taste it once. 'Gulkand wala paan' is everyone's first choice.

Banaras's special lassi
Banarasi Lassi is also an identity here. Foreigners coming to visit India definitely taste it. There is a shop by the name of 'Blue Lassi' in Kachori Gali of Chowk area. Here you will find lassi of every flavor including apple, banana, pomegranate, mango and rabri.

Morning and puri-vegetable of janares, jalebi
Pumpkin sabji-puri and the accompanying hot Jalebi are the hallmarks of Banaras. The aunt's shop located in Lanka is famous for puri-vegetable. People gather at the shop from morning to taste it. At the same time, the Kachori street of the Chowk is famous for this only. If you come to Kashi then definitely taste it once.

Banarasi Sweets
Sweets also hold a special place in the Banarasi cuisine. There are rasgullas, gulabjamun, malai-gillori, cloves, gram flour ladoos, kheer-kadam and many other sweets that you must taste once tasted.


Banarasi Chilling: -
There is a difference between frosting and serving in Banaras. The cold-sitters say that we are frosty family members. Generally frosting is considered as a shoveling item in milk. Here, except the cream and frosting of the cream, use dry paste. After tempering fruit-flower extracts with dozens of spices in frosting, thawing is prepared according to every season. Drawing the aroma of flowers like bella, rose, khus, ratarani, rajnigandha and har singar into the drink is a unique art of Banaras. Whereas the use of mango, guava, berries, phalsa in fruits along with saffron, paan catechu, lime and yellow earthy flavor has nothing to add to the world of workmanship. Normally, it is cold for twelve months, but its demand is high during Holi.

Malayo is that sweet of Banaras which is solid as well as liquid as well as gas. It is not known when it dissolves in the tongue. Malayo is a dessert made of dew that produces a mixture of solid, liquid, and gas. This Mimosa-magical dessert is made by eating Malayo with great fervor. It is miraculous that you will not be able to decide whether you have eaten or drunk Malio even after the ax has gone off the ax. It is as if the magic of taste has blossomed from Juban to Jigre, looks like a saffron-like bed full of thickening. Now the cauldron of Malayo has started appearing everywhere in the city, but there was a time when it was monopolized by the stalwart Mahal of the city. In Kashi, Malayo has become a special item of fashion shops out of narrow streets, but the formula of making Malayo of the Yadav brothers of 'Pakke Mahal', situated in the narrow streets, is no less secretive than the sources of any Vaidyaraja.


The lota bhanta fair in Kashi is held by Baati and Chokha, whose offerings are first made to Baba Bholenath. The centuries-old fair of Lota Bhanta in Rameshwara region is considered to be Tretayugin. Although Bati Chokha is the most favorite flavor here. After frying the brinjals, potatoes, tomatoes, the taste of chokha and baati made from it is quite popular. Not only Ballia-made pots, but also stable restaurants are now cashing in on the Bati Chokha brand. In this, the use of not only gram flour but also cheese is very attractive. Here in the form of mekuni, litti, baati and tikkkar, this existence still exists.


Ax tea:-
Tea is something that people all over the world drink, so if you are fond of tea then
Be sure to enjoy Banarasi kuld tea. Here people come from far and wide to drink tea in the Kulhad with a fragrant smell of soil. Although there is always a rush at the shops to drink tea, but in winter it is a fun.


Talk of Varanasi and there is no discussion of Lord Jagannath, without his discussion of Varanasi is incomplete, let's know about Lord Jagannath in Varanasi: -
 

Rath Yatra of Varanasi: -
The history of the Rath Yatra fair in Kashi is centuries old. There are also different public beliefs about when and how the fair started. About 317 years ago, the priest who came from Jagannathpuri Puri temple established the Jagannath temple at Assi Ghat.
It is said that in 1690, Balak Das Brahmachari, the priest of the Jagannath temple in Puri, came to Kashi, angry with the behavior of the then king Indradyumna. Sathyanarayana ji, a priest of the same place in Puri, says that Baba Balak Das used to take the offering of offerings to God.
Once there was a delay of more than a fortnight in delivering prasad from Puri due to floods in the Ganges. The priests kept on meditating on the Lord for so many days. Then Lord Jagannath inspired him in his dream to set up a temple in Kashi and start offering it.
After this, Balak Das built the temple of Lord Jagannath on the initiative of a princely state of Maharashtra. From the year 1700, he started the Rath Yatra Mela in Kashi. Apart from this, another theme is found about this fair.
It is said that Swami Tejonidhi, who came to Kashi from Puri temple in the year 1790, built the Jagannath temple by staying on the banks of the Ganges. According to public opinion, Lord Jagannath once came in the dream of Tejonidhi and told Tejonidhi, the lord of Puri temple that Baba Vishwanath should be worshiped in the city too.

It is believed that Goddess Subhadra once came to Dwarka from her in-laws' house. He expressed his desire to see the city from both his brothers. Krishna and Balarama made him sit on a chariot. The two brothers also rode on different chariots. Subhadra's chariot was running in the middle. The trio set out to stare at Dwarka Puri. After this, the tradition of rath yatra started.
Moksha benefits from philosophy, work becomes bad
It is believed that Baba Jagannath is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu in Kashi. Their philosophy gives salvation. The desire is fulfilled. Becomes spoiled. That is, the philosophy of Lord Vishnu gets equal results from their philosophy. This is the reason why people come to this fair from all corners of the country to fulfill their wishes for life.
The color of the love of God is yellow
Lord Jagannath likes yellow clothes, flowers and fruits more. That is why the chariot of the Lord is decorated with yellow banners, letters, yellow flowers. The form of Goddess Subhadra is decorated with blue objects in the form of Saavare and Balabhadra.
Lord Jagannath reached his in-laws after recovering from illness and had a lot of goodness on the first day. Because of waking up from the disease, the breakfast of moong-gram, khandasari, curd was served in the morning breakfast. God was welcomed by the famous lame mangoes and Maghai Paan pamphlets in the world.


Time:-
What is the good time to visit Varanasi, then tell that if you want to travel to Varanasi, then go in the months of October to March. The weather in these months is favorable for travel. A five-day festival Ganga Mahotsav is celebrated in Varanasi every year in November, this festival attracts a lot of visitors


What is Varanasi famous for?
Is it safe to visit Varanasi?
Is Banaras and Varanasi same?
Is Varanasi good place to live?
Varanasi district
Varanasi distance
Varanasi tourism
Varanasi history
Rath Yatra of Varanasi


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