Ganesh Chaturthi

                   Ganesh Chaturthi

According to Shiv Puran, Mangalmurti Lord Ganesha was born on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month. Shiva-Parvati gave him the boon of worshiping the world first because of the orbiting of his parents. Since then, there is a practice of worshiping Ganesha in India. In ancient times, the study of children started from the present day.
The location of Ganeshji, the son of Adeva Mahadev of Hindus is unique. Any religious festival, sacrificial ritual, worship etc., or marriage ceremony or other auspicious work cannot begin without worshiping Ganesha. Ganeshji is worshiped firstly as auspicious if the smooth work is done. The worship and worship of Ganesha is considered to be prevalent in both theistic and non-theistic religions of India.
Ganesh Chaturthi is a major festival of Hindus. This festival is celebrated in different parts of India but is celebrated with great pomp in Maharashtra.
Ganeshotsav, celebrated with great pomp in many parts of the world including India, began with Pune, the cultural capital of Maharashtra. The entire city is painted in religious colors during the 10-day Ganeshotsava festival. The Ganeshotsav of Pune is famous all over the world. The festival was started in the childhood of Shivaji Maharaj by his mother Jijabai. Later, the Peshwas extended this festival and Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak gave it national identity. In the sequel of the series 'Shades of Ganeshotsav in Maharashtra' today, we are going to tell you how the tradition of Ganeshotsav started.
We find evidence of organizing Ganeshotsav during the period of Satavahana, Rashtrakuta and Chalukya dynasty. The great Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji made a new beginning by connecting Ganeshotsav with nationality and culture. This form of Ganeshotsav remained the same since then and continued in the time of Peshwas. During the time of the Peshwas, Ganesha was almost rated as Rashtradev, because he was their Kuldev. After the Peshwas, from 1818 to 1892, this festival remained confined within the confines of Hindu homes.

In the British period, no Hindu could celebrate a cultural event or festival together or by gathering together in one place. Earlier people used to celebrate Ganeshotsav in their homes and there was no custom to immerse Ganesh.

Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak celebrated the Ganeshotsav in public for the first time in 1893 in Pune. Later this effort became a movement and in the freedom movement, this Ganeshotsav played an important role in uniting people. Today Ganeshotsav has taken a huge form.

Ganesh Visarjan: Since ancient times, the practice of worship of Ganesha has been fixed on Ganesh Chaturthi, but Ganeshotsav was not celebrated then. Bal Gangadhar Tilak started the Ganesh festival. This Ganesh festival is celebrated from Chaturthi to Chaturdashi of Bhadrapada month. During this time, Lord Ganesha's idol is installed at home or squares and Chaturdashi is immersed in water, which is considered to be inappropriate according to religion. Ganeshotsav was necessary to unite the Indians in the British era. However, now this practice has become a part of religion.

It is believed that Mata Parvati is the creator of Ganesha. According to the story, Goddess Parvati created Ganesh in the absence of Shiva from the sandalwood mixture. While she was taking a bath, they gave Ganesh the task of guarding the door of her bathroom.
After Shiva returns home, Ganesha stops him from entering, causing a war between Ganesha and Shiva and angrily Shiva beheads Ganesha. Mother Parvati got angry after seeing this. Seeing this, Lord Shiva promised to revive Ganesha and put a head of Gaja on Ganesha's torso. And that's how Gajanan was born.

During the British rule, many leaders and freedom fighters across India united against the British domination. One of these distinguished leaders was the Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak. It was Tilak who brought back the tradition of Ganesh Chaturthi and transformed the festival from private family celebrations into a grand public event.

Around 1893, when Tilak started organizing Ganesh Utsav as a social and religious function. He started the tradition of installing the idol of Ganesh in the mandap and immersion on the tenth day. Its purpose was to unite people of all communities.
However, it is not known when and how Ganesh Chaturthi was first celebrated. But according to historians, the first Ganesh Chaturthi festival was celebrated during the reign of Satavahanas, Rashtrakutas and Chalukyas. Historical records show that Ganesh Chaturthi festival was started in Maharashtra by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the great Maratha ruler, to promote culture and nationalism.
During Ganesh Chaturthi, the enthusiasm of the people is at its peak. People install idols of Lord Ganesha in their homes, localities and temples. After this, the ritual called Shodashopchar is prayed in 16 different ways. The festival not only has prayers, but also cultural programs such as dancing, singing, orchestra and theater performances. Many community activities are also a part of the celebrations.

Finally, Lord Ganesha is bid farewell with worship. It is known as Uttarapuja, after this ritual, the idol is immersed in water, which is called Ganapati Visarjan.

Sacred rules of offering durva to Shri Ganesh

At the time of Shivaji, this Ganeshotsav was started celebrated regularly as the patriarch of his empire. After the end of the Peshwas, it remained a family celebration, revived in 1893 by Lokmanya Tilak (an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer).

Special thread will fulfill wishes:-
Ganesh Chaturthi, a sacred Hindu festival, is celebrated by the people as the birth day of Lord Ganesha (Lord of Gods, meaning the supreme God of wisdom and prosperity). The entire Hindu community celebrates annually with full devotion and dedication. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that Ganesha was born on Chaturthi (the fourth day of the bright fortnight) in the month of Magha. Since then, the date of birth of Lord Ganesha began to be celebrated as Ganesh Chaturthi. Nowadays, this festival is celebrated by people of Hindu and many Muslim communities all over the world.

Peshwas gave a boost: After Shivaji Maharaja, Peshwa kings promoted Ganeshotsav. The people of Pune and the servants of the Peshwas used to celebrate Ganeshotsav every year in the Peshwas' palace Shaniwar Wada. During this festival, Brahmins were given maha bhojas and sweets and money were distributed among the poor. Kirtans, bhajans and cultural programs were organized on Saturday Wada. This tradition of bhajan-kirtan continues even today.

Earlier, Ganesh Puja used to be held only in homes: In the British era people could not celebrate any cultural event or festival together or by gathering together in one place. People used to worship in homes. Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak publicly celebrated Ganeshotsav for the first time in Pune. Later this effort became a movement and in the freedom movement, this Ganeshotsav played an important role in uniting people. is.
The form of movement that Lokmanya Tilak gave to Ganeshotsav: Gajanan became a symbol of national unity with the form that Lokmanya Tilak gave to Ganeshotsav during that time. While making Pooja as a public festival, it was not limited to religious rituals only, but Ganeshotsav was also made a means of freedom fighting, removing untouchability and organizing society and enlightening the common man and it was a movement. Formed This movement contributed significantly to shaking the foundations of the British Empire.
War of Independence and Ganeshotsav: Veer Savarkar and other revolutionaries used Ganeshotsav to fight for freedom. In Maharashtra, Nagpur, Wardha, Amravati etc., Ganeshotsav started a new movement of independence. At the Ganeshotsav, people like Veer Savarkar, Lokmanya Tilak, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Barrister Jayakar, Rengler Paranjpe, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Moolicchandra Sharma, Barrister Chakraborty, Dadasaheb Khaparde and Sarojini Naidu etc. gave speeches and addressed the people. The Ganeshotsav became a stage for the freedom struggle.
Englishmen were afraid of Ganeshotsav: Englishmen were also nervous due to the increasing nature of Ganeshotsav. Concerns were also raised about this in the Rowlatt committee report. The report said that during Ganeshotsav, groups of youths roam the streets singing anti-English rule songs and school children distribute pamphlets. In which there is a call to take up arms against the British rule and revolt from the Marathas like Shivaji. At the same time, religious struggle is said to be necessary for the overthrow of English power.
50 thousand Ganesh Mandals all over Maharashtra: The public plantation of Ganeshotsav which was done by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1893 has now taken the form of Virat Vat tree. Presently there are more than 50 thousand public Ganesh mandals in Maharashtra only. Out of this, Pune alone has more than 5000 Ganesh mandals. Apart from this, there are a large number of Ganeshotsav Mandals in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.

Ganesh Chaturthi when and Muhurta: -
The Chaturthi Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month starts at midnight on Friday at 1.45 pm. It will be on day and night at 22:38 on August 22. Sadhya Yoga, which completes all spiritual practices, is on this day. Ganesha was born in the middle age. Hence, they will be worshiped in the Middle Age.

Establishment of ganpati
Jyotishacharya Manish Mohan said that on this day of 22 August, people get Ganpati in their homes in this Muhurta. They install idols of their Ganpati. They worship by law. However, installation of Ganapati in public places is prohibited in the Corona period. In such a situation, people will celebrate Ganesh Utsav devotedly at their homes.According to the Panchang, this day is Saturday. Lord Ganesha is considered to be a factor of wisdom, wisdom, wealth, wealth and prosperity. It is believed that by pleasing Ganesha, happiness, prosperity and peace are established in the house.

What to eat during the fast: -
Use sweet in fast on Ganesh Chaturthi. For this, you can eat sago pudding.

2. On Ganesh Chaturthi, if you do only fruit in the day time. Apart from fruit diet, nothing else is consumed on Ganesh Chaturthi.

3. Eat curd on Ganesh Chaturthi. Along with this, eat fruit with juice. By doing this, there will be no shortage of water in your body.

4. At the time of opening the fast on Ganesh Chaturthi, you can eat boiled potatoes by adding black pepper and fasting salt.

5. To open the fast of Ganesh Chaturthi, you can make and eat bread or paratha of Kuttu flour. But do not eat too much, otherwise you may have to face stomach troubles.

During Ganesh Chaturthi fast, if you feel weakness during the whole day, you can take tea.

7. You can also eat cucumber on Ganesh Chaturthi. There are many benefits of eating cucumber

8. You can also drink almond milk while opening the fast on Ganesh Chaturthi. By doing this you will not feel weakness in the fast.

9. On Ganesh Chaturthi, if you want to open your fast by eating sweet, you can also eat water chestnut.

10. To break the fast on Ganesh Chaturthi, first use only Bappa's Prasad. Only then open the fast from other things.

Worship method: -
On Ganesh Chaturthi, one should worship Lord Ganesha by making an idol of Lord Ganesha with gold, copper, silver, clay or cow dung after retiring from bathing in the morning.
- Clean the place of worship and purify it with the water of Ganga-Yamuna or any holy river.
- Take a garrison and put yellow cloth on it. Make a swastika on that cloth with kumkum. Worship Swastik and offer rice and flowers.
- Place the statue of Lord Ganesha at that post. Put Kumkum on the forehead of Ganesha. Offer a garland of yellow flowers to the idol of Lord Ganesha.
Remember Ganesha by lighting a lamp. Salute them by chanting Shri Ganesh Stuti, Ganesh Chalisa and Ganesh Mantras. Do at least 108 chanting. Om Ganeshay Namah and Om Gan Ganapate Namah can be recited.
- Take twenty-one seedlings of Durva grass and offer them with the names of Lord Ganesha. These names are - Gatapi, Gori Suman, Aghanashka, Ekadanta, Ishputra, Sarvasiddhiprada, Vinayaka, Kumar Guru, Inbhakatraya, Mushka Vahana Sant, Siddhivinayak, Vighnaharta, Sukhakara, Ganapathi, Gajanan, Vighinavinhaka, Gori Sut, Ganadeva and Ganesha.
After this, perform aarti of Lord Ganesha. After Aarti, offer Ganesh ji to twenty one, eleven or seven laddus or modak. Other fruits and sweets can also be offered.

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